Most sports injuries are attributed to either a traumatic injury or overuse of muscles or joints. Injuries that affect the muscles, ligagments and/or tendons include contusion (bruise), sprains (twisted ligament often in the ankle, knee or wrist) and strains (injury to a muscle or tendon due to overuse).
We also actively try to help our patients avoid injuries by discussing proper condition and the use of protective gear and equipment.
Runner’s Knee Runner’s knee, also known as patellofemoral stress syndrome, is a condition caused by the kneecap rubbing against the thighbone during activity. Runners knee is characterized by pain in and around the kneecap with or without activity; rubbing, grinding and clicking sounds in the kneecap; and a kneecap which is tender when touched.
What causes runner’s knee?
Runner’s knee may be caused by a structural defect, or a certain way of walking or running. Other causes may include the following:
- A structural defect
- Technique or form in walking or running
- A kneecap that is located too high in the knee joint
- Weak thigh muscles
- Tight hamstrings or Achilles tendons
Fractures Fractures are breaks in the bone that can be classified as simple (a thin fracture that may not run through the entire bone), or a compound fracture (the broken bone protrudes through the skin). The arms and legs are the most common places where fractures occur and will be signified by tenderness, swelling and increased pain in the affected area.
Elbow osteoarthritis Most patients who are diagnosed with elbow osteoarthritis have a history of injury to the elbow, such as a fracture that involved the surface of the joint, or an elbow dislocation.
Pain and loss of range of motion are the most obvious signs of arthritis, but in later stages, patients might also notice numbness in their ring finger and pinkie finger. Sometimes there is grating or locking. Xrays can be used to diagnose arthritic changes.
Stress fractures Stress fractures can occur from continuous overuse. They are weak spots or small cracks in the bone and can occur in the foot after training for sports or even from recreational sports. Someone suffering from a stress facture may notice pain in the front of the foot after intense exercise; and pain that subsides after exercise and returns during exercise.
Shin splints There are two types of shin splints which involve damage to one of two groups of muscles along the shin bone that cause pain. Shin splints can be located on the front and outer part of the muscles of the shin, as well as the back and inner part of the muscles of the shin. The latter condition is usually characterized by running and or wearing improper footwear.